Phacoemulsification (Phaco) and Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) are two types of surgical procedures used to remove cataracts, a clouding of the natural lens of the eye that can cause vision loss.
Phacoemulsification is a minimally invasive surgical technique that involves using ultrasound energy to break up the cloudy lens into small pieces, which are then removed through a tiny incision in the eye. The surgeon then inserts an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) to replace the natural lens.
Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) is a similar surgical technique that involves removing the cloudy lens through a small incision in the eye. In this procedure, the surgeon manually removes the cataract using specialized instruments, rather than using ultrasound energy. As with Phaco surgery, an artificial intraocular lens is inserted to replace the natural lens.
Both Phaco and SICS surgery are safe and effective procedures for treating cataracts. They are typically performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia, and most patients experience little or no pain during the procedure. Recovery time is relatively quick, and most patients can return to normal activities within a few days to a few weeks after the surgery.
The choice of surgical technique may depend on various factors, including the severity of the cataract, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s expertise. In general, Phaco surgery is more commonly used due to its higher success rates, shorter recovery times, and smaller incision size. However, in certain cases, SICS surgery may be preferred, such as when the cataract is very dense or when the patient has certain health conditions that make Phaco surgery less safe.
Overall, both Phaco and SICS surgery are effective treatments for cataracts, and the choice of surgical technique will depend on individual patient factors and the surgeon’s expertise.