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Neurology Services

Neurology Services

Fortune Health Care Center

About Neurology

neurology, medical specialty concerned with the nervous system and its functional or organic disorders. Neurologists diagnose and treat diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.

The first scientific studies of nerve function in animals were performed in the early 18th century by English physiologist Stephen Hales and Scottish physiologist Robert Whytt. Knowledge was gained in the late 19th century about the causes of aphasia, epilepsy, and motor problems arising from brain damage. French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot and English neurologist William Gowers described and classified many diseases of the nervous system. The mapping of the functional areas of the brain through selective electrical stimulation also began in the 19th century. Despite these contributions, however, most knowledge of the brain and nervous functions came from studies in animals and from the microscopic analysis of nerve cells.

The electroencephalograph (EEG), which records electrical brain activity, was invented in the 1920s by Hans Berger. Development of the EEG, analysis of cerebrospinal fluid obtained by lumbar puncture (spinal tap), and development of cerebral angiography allowed neurologists to increase the precision of their diagnoses and develop specific therapies and rehabilitative measures. Further aiding the diagnosis and treatment of brain disorders were the development of computerized axial tomography (CT) scanning in the early 1970s and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the 1980s, both of which yielded detailed, noninvasive views of the inside of the brain. (See brain scanning.) The identification of chemical agents in the central nervous system and the elucidation of their roles in transmitting and blocking nerve impulses have led to the introduction of a wide array of medications that can correct or alleviate various neurological disorders including Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy. Neurosurgery, a medical specialty related to neurology, has also benefited from CT scanning and other increasingly precise methods of locating lesions and other abnormalities in nervous tissues.

Fortune Healthcare Neurology Services Center offers you up to 50% discount for every neurological test.For more information & Appointment Contact to Fortune Healthcare Ltd,Phone: +880 1887045555 –Address: 23/C,(3rd floor) Zigatola 3rd floor Dhaka, 1209, Bangladesh

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What is a neurologist?

A neurologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system is made of two parts: the central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord.

Illnesses, disorders, and injuries that involve the nervous system often require a neurologist’s management and treatment.

Before they can practice, neurologists must:

  • graduate from medical school
  • complete an internship
  • receive three years of training in a neurology residency program

What does a neurologist do?

Neurologists manage and treat neurological conditions or problems with the nervous system. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist include:

  • coordination problems
  • muscle weakness
  • a change in sensation
  • confusion
  • dizziness

People who are having problems with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.

Neurologists also see patients with:

  • seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • stroke
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis
  • infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses
  • neurodegenerative disorders, such as Lou Gehrig’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
  • spinal cord disorders, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders
  • headaches, such as cluster headaches, and migraine

Neurologist subspecialties

Because the nervous system is complex, a neurologist may specialize in a specific area. They’ll do a fellowship in that area after residency training. Subspecialties have evolved to narrow a doctor’s focus.

There are many subspecialties. Some examples include:

  • headache medicine
  • neuromuscular medicine
  • neurocritical care
  • neuro-oncology
  • geriatric neurology
  • autonomic disorders
  • vascular (stroke care)
  • child neurology
  • intervention neuroradiology
  • epilepsy
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Typical neurological procedures

During your first appointment with a neurologist, they’ll likely perform a physical exam and a neurological exam. A neurological exam will test muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination.

Since different disorders can have similar symptoms, your neurologist may need more testing to make a diagnosis.

Neurologists may recommend a variety of procedures to help diagnose or treat a condition. These procedures may include:

Lumbar puncture

Your neurologist may use a lumbar puncture to test your spinal fluid. They may recommend the procedure if they believe your symptoms are caused by a problem in your nervous system that can be detected in your spinal fluid.

The procedure involves inserting a needle into the spine after numbing it and taking a sample of spinal fluid.

Tensilon test

This procedure can help your neurologist diagnose myasthenia gravis. In this test, your doctor injects you with a medicine called Tensilon. Then they observe how it affects your muscle movements.

Electromyography (EMG)

An EMG measures electrical activity between your brain or spinal cord to a peripheral nerve. This nerve is found in your arms and legs, and is responsible for muscle control during times of movement and rest.

EMGs can help your neurologist diagnose spinal cord disease as well as general muscle or nerve dysfunction.

During this test, your neurologist-technician inserts small electrodes into your muscles to help measure activity during periods of movement and rest. Such activity is recorded by a machine attached to the electrodes with a series of wires, which may be somewhat uncomfortable.

Oftentimes, a neurologist will order a nerve conduction velocity (NCV) study in conjunction with an EMG. While an EMG measures muscle activity, an NCV assesses the ability of your nerves to send the necessary signals that control these muscles. If your neurologist recommends both tests, you’ll likely do the EMG first.

During an NCV test, electrodes are taped over the same muscles that you had EMG electrodes in previously. Two sets of electrodes are used here — one sends small pulses in an effort to stimulate your nerves, while the other set measures the results.

In all, the average EMG/NCV combination test may take about an hour or longer

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 to complete. You’ll want to avoid any stimulants, such as caffeine and nicotine, several hours before your test, or else these substances may alter your results.

Your neurologist may also ask that you don’t take any blood-thinning medications or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for 24 hours

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 ahead of the EMG.

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

With electrodes applied to your scalp, an EEG measures electrical activity in the brain. It’s used to help diagnose conditions of the brain, including inflammation, tumors, and injuries, as well as seizures and psychiatric disorders.

Unlike an EMG, an EEG doesn’t usually cause any discomfort. Before the test, a technician places electrodes around the scalp that look like small cups. As small charges in the brain are measured through the electrodes, the technician will create changes in the environment to measure brain signals, such as different lighting or noises.

Like an EMG, you’ll need to avoid stimulants the day prior to the test. You can also expect the EEG to take an hour

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. Sometimes the test is done while you’re sleeping.

Other tests

Neurologists may use other types of tests, as well. Although they may not perform the test, they may order it, review it, and interpret the results.

To make a diagnosis, a neurologist may use imaging tests such as:

  • computed tomography, or CT scan
  • magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI scan
  • positron emission tomography, or PET scan

Other diagnostic procedures include sleep studies and angiography. Angiography determines blockages in the blood vessels going to the brain.

Your neurologist may help you manage your symptoms and neurological disorder alone, or with your primary care physician and other specialists. You can book an appointment with a neurologist in your area using our Healthline FindCare tool.

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Fortune Healthcare offers you up to 50% discount for every neurological test.For more information & Appointment Contact to Fortune Healthcare Ltd,Phone: +880 1887045555-Address: 23/C,(3rd floor) Zigatola 3rd floor Dhaka, 1209, Bangladesh

Why would my doctor refer me to a neurologist?

A neurologist is a specialist who can treat conditions that affect your nervous system. Your nervous system includes your brain, nerves, and spinal cord.

Conditions that impact these areas can cause pain, memory loss, difficulty with speech, and more. These conditions often require testing and treatments your primary care doctor can’t do in their office or clinic.

Symptoms that might cause your doctor to refer you to a neurologist include:

  • unexplained pain
  • memory loss
  • headaches
  • tremors or shaking
  • difficulty with balance
  • numbness

The neurologist can assess your symptoms and conduct tests to make a diagnosis and help you get the treatment you need.

What conditions does a neurologist treat?

Neurologists treat conditions that affect your nervous symptom. This can include injuries to your brain or spinal cord, acute conditions such as strokes, or chronic conditions such as epilepsy.

Head injuries

Not all head injuries will require a neurologist appointment, but sometimes a neurologist might be needed to help determine the extent of your injuries and help develop a treatment plan.

For example, people who’ve had a concussion can have symptoms that linger for months. This is called post-concussion syndrome. They might need additional testing and treatment for the headaches and memory problems the condition can cause.

Chronic headaches

Everyone gets occasional headaches, but people who get headaches often might need additional care. Your doctor might refer you to a neurologist if you have unexplained headaches multiple times a week, especially if you’ve had the headaches for a while or if they don’t get better with over-the-counter treatments.

A neurologist can pinpoint the cause of your headaches and help you find effective treatments.

Migraine

Migraine attacks are a common reason to see a neurologist. Besides being painful, the condition often causes sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, and dizziness. The pain of a migraine can last for hours or days.

A neurologist can diagnose your migraine as well as identify any triggers you might have and recommend how to avoid them. They can also prescribe medications to prevent and treat migraine.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic condition that affects your brain and spinal cord, causing numbness, weakness, and tingling sensations. Many people also experience changes in their vision. MS is progressive, and symptoms can be different at different times.

A neurologist can diagnose MS and help you manage your condition with the right treatments and medications.

Seizure or epilepsy

A seizure causes uncontrolled movements and strange sensations. In many cases, it also causes the person having it to lose consciousness. Seizures start in your brain and can be dangerous.

After you’ve had a seizure, a doctor might refer you to a neurologist for further testing. They can do tests and imaging to find the cause of your seizure. They can also diagnose long-term seizure conditions, such as epilepsy.

Once you have a diagnosis, a neurologist can prescribe medications and treatments to help control your seizures.

Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s is a condition that occurs when your brain can’t make the dopamine it needs to control your body movement. This causes tremors, stiffness, and lack of coordination.

A neurologist can assess you for Parkinson’s. They can make sure no other condition is causing your symptoms and prescribe treatments and medications that can help you manage them.

Stroke

A stroke occurs when you lose blood supply to your brain. Without blood supply, brain cells begin to die. This can cause difficulty with speech, controlling your emotions, and more. Even when the stroke is over, you’ll need treatment to regain any skills that were lost.

A neurologist can help assess the extent of the damage to your brain. They can develop a treatment plan and prescribe medications to help you recover.

Other neurological symptoms like dizziness, memory loss, or unexplained pain

There are many other symptoms that might lead your doctor to refer you to a neurologist. These are generally unexplained symptoms that could be caused by several conditions.

For example, unexplained pain could be the result of multiple conditions that cause your nerves to become overactive, while dizziness could be the result of injury or inflammation to your brain.

Memory loss can also lead people to a neurologist. You might be referred if you’ve been having increased forgetfulness, trouble concentrating, and brain fog.

A neurologist can determine whether the cause is dementia or another neurological condition that impacts memory. They can also prescribe medications to help slow down the dementia or treat the other underlying condition.

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Fortune Healthcare offers you up to 50% discount for every neurological test.For more information & Appointment Contact to Fortune Healthcare Ltd,Phone: +880 1887045555-Address: 23/C,(3rd floor) Zigatola 3rd floor Dhaka, 1209, Bangladesh

Do neurologists treat mental health conditions?

Neurologists treat nervous system conditions. This includes conditions that impact your brain, like concussions or seizures, but it doesn’t include mental health conditions like depression.

Neurologists specialize in physical conditions that are caused by damage or disease to your nervous system. They don’t treat conditions that involve brain chemicals or brain function.

However, a specialist called a neuropsychologist can treat depression and other mental health conditions. They study the relationship between your brain and the actions you take, and they treat the way your brain influences the things you do in everyday life.

They can help you manage any conditions through strategy and intervention. Neuropsychologists don’t prescribe medications.

Although neurologists don’t treat mental health conditions like depression, it’s important to talk to them about your mental health. If you’ve been diagnosed with a mental health condition, let your neurologist know. It could be causing symptoms that are similar to neurological conditions.

For example, depression can lead to unexplained trouble with memory.

Preparing for your first neurologist appointment

Seeing a specialist can be overwhelming and unnerving. Being prepared can bring down your stress level and help you make the most of your appointment. You can take steps to prepare, such as:

  • Write down the symptoms you’ve been having.
  • Keep track of how often you’re having your symptoms in a log or journal.
  • Make a list of questions you’d like to have answered.
  • If you can, fill out your medical history and other paperwork online before your appointment.
  • If your symptoms have made driving difficult, arrange a ride there and back home.

What to expect during your first visit with a neurologist

Your first neurologist visit will start with questions about your health history. They’ll want to know about your symptoms and how long you’ve had them. They may ask about any other specialists you’ve seen or treatments you’ve tried. Then you’ll also have a physical exam, which will include tests of your:

  • coordination
  • sensation
  • mental state
  • strength
  • sight
  • reflexes

Depending on your symptoms and your physical exam, the neurologist might order further tests. Testing might involve imaging or other types of diagnostic tests.

You might need multiple tests to help the neurologist identify what’s causing your symptoms. If you don’t have these additional tests during your first appointment, your neurologist might order one or more of them.

Potential imaging tests include:

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRIs use magnetic imaging and radio waves to take pictures of the inside of your brain. This can help the neurologist look for swelling and other damage.
  • Computed tomography (CAT or CT Scan). CT or CAT scans use a combination of X-ray and computer imaging technology to create detailed images of the inside of your body. They let doctors look for any abnormalities that could be causing your symptoms.

Other potential diagnostic tests include:

  • Transcranial doppler (TCD). A TCD is a test that uses sound waves to measure the blood flow in your brain.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG). During an EEG, electrodes will be placed on your scalp to measure electrical activity in your brain.
  • Electromyogram (EMG). An EMG is done by inserting small needles into your muscles to test your nerves and record the electrical activity in your muscles.
  • Lumbar puncture. During a lumbar puncture, your back will be numbed and a doctor will use a long needed to remove fluid from your spine. This helps check for infections and other conditions that affect your spine.

Neurologists vs. neurosurgeons

Both neurologists and neurosurgeons treat people who have conditions that affect the nervous system. However, neurosurgeons perform surgery, whereas neurologists do not.

Neurosurgeons complete medical school and then neurosurgery residency, which includes 1 year of general surgery internship, followed by 6–8 years of neurosurgery residency.

All neurosurgeons are qualified to operate on the brain and the spine, and some neurosurgeons further specialize in highly technical procedures.

Generally, a person’s general practice doctor will refer them to a neurologist or a neurosurgeon. Sometimes a neurologist may refer to a neurosurgeon if surgery would be beneficial, and sometimes a neurosurgeon will refer to a neurologist if the individual requires neurological management.

Tips for choosing a neurologist

Finding the right neurologist can help you get the care you need. You can make sure you find the best care by doing the following:

  • Make sure any neurologist you see is licensed in your state and local area. DocInfo lets you search for doctors by name to see their credentials and background.
  • Consult online reviews of the neurologist you’re considering.
  • Make sure any neurologist you’re considering seeing is part of your insurance provider’s network.
  • Ask your doctor for a list of neurologist recommendations.
  • Ask friends who’ve seen a neurologist who they saw and what their experience was like.
  • If you’re already diagnosed with a condition such as MS, epilepsy, or Parkinson’s, make sure the neurologist has experience in your condition.
  • Check with local support groups or online message boards for recommendations.

You may need to see other doctors and healthcare professionals as well

A neurologist can work with your primary care doctor, or they might take over your care for a specific condition. Depending on your condition, you might be referred to multiple healthcare professionals.

These professionals can work together as part of a medical team. They can help you manage your condition, recover from injuries, and more. With your permission, your team will pass information about your progress along to other team members.

The members of your healthcare team will depend on your condition, but may include:

  • A speech therapist. They can help you after you’ve had a stroke or brain injury. They can work with you to help you regain your ability to swallow, eat, and speak clearly.
  • A physical therapist. They can help you manage the pain of multiple conditions. They can also help you regain your strength and balance.
  • An occupational therapist. They help you regain or learn the skills you need in everyday life. For example, they can help you regain your ability to get dressed, shower, and do other self-care activities after a stroke or brain injury.
  • A pain medicine specialist. They can figure out the right treatments and medications to manage any pain you’re having.
  • A physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. They can help people recovering from injuries and illness, as well as people who have chronic pain. They can help manage your treatment plan.
  • A psychiatrist or other mental health professional. Many conditions that can lead you to seek the care of neurologists can also have an impact on your mental health. It can be helpful to talk to a professional to help you cope and manage stress and depression. Some forms of therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) have also been proven to help people with chronic pain manage their condition.

The takeaway

Neurologists are specialists who can assess, diagnose, manage, and treat conditions that affect your nervous system.

Your doctor might refer you to a neurologist if you’re having symptoms that could be caused by a neurological condition, such as pain, memory loss, trouble with balance, or tremors.

A neurologist can order specialized testing to help diagnose your condition. Once you have the right diagnosis, you can start to get the care you need.

How to access neurological Services at Fortune healthcare?

Fortune HealthCare has developed a high-quality neurological diagnostic service that the modern testing technology can offer in high accuracy and precision at a low cost. there are many discounts available for every test & citizen such as Medicare and Medicaid. Basically Fortune Healthcare Neurology Services Center offers up to 50%  discount for every neurological test. Fortune healthcare provides a full range of diagnostic and imaging services for neurology and neurosurgery, including MRI, CT, PET-CT and SPECT imaging. Watch our website or register to learn more about the cost of neurodiagnostic testing at our hospitals.

Fortune Healthcare offers you up to 50% discount for every neurological test. For more information & Appointment Contact to Fortune Healthcare Ltd, Phone: +880 1887045555 Address: 23/C,(3rd floor) Zigatola 3rd floor Dhaka, 1209, Bangladesh

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