Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the way your body processes blood sugar (glucose), which is the primary source of energy for your cells. There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: This is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and it requires lifelong insulin therapy.
Type 2 diabetes: This is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body can’t produce enough insulin or becomes resistant to insulin’s effects. Type 2 diabetes is often related to lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and poor diet. It is more common in older adults, but it can also develop in children and adolescents.
Some of the common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and urination, blurred vision, fatigue, and slow healing of wounds. Diabetes can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, and blindness, so it’s important to manage it carefully with the help of a healthcare professional. Treatment typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, medication, and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
In Fortune Healthcare Diagnostic and Hospital Diabetes Department typically includes a team of healthcare professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and management of diabetes. This team may include endocrinologists, diabetes educators, dietitians, nurses, and other specialists who work together to provide comprehensive care to patients with diabetes.
Fortune Healthcare Diagnostic and Hospital diabetes department may offer a range of services, including:
Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes: The department will diagnose and treat diabetes, which may involve the use of medications, insulin therapy, and blood glucose monitoring.
Patient education: The department will educate patients about diabetes, including how to manage their condition, how to monitor their blood glucose levels, how to take their medications, and how to manage their diet and exercise routines.
Support services: The department may offer counseling, social work, and referrals to community resources to help patients manage the emotional and psychological aspects of living with diabetes.
Specialized clinics: The department may offer specialized clinics for diabetes-related complications, such as foot care clinics and eye care clinics.
Can Diabetes Be Cured
Currently, there is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed effectively with proper treatment and lifestyle changes. The goal of diabetes management is to keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range to prevent complications.
For people with type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy is essential, as the body no longer produces insulin. Insulin can be administered through injections or an insulin pump, and the dosage is adjusted based on regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
For people with type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight loss can help manage the condition. Medications such as oral medications, injectable drugs, and insulin therapy may also be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels.
It’s important to note that managing diabetes requires ongoing effort and commitment, and treatment may need to be adjusted over time as the condition changes. With proper management, people with diabetes can lead healthy, fulfilling lives and reduce the risk of complications.
Diabetes can lead to a range of complications if not managed properly. The risk of complications increases with the duration of the disease and the severity of high blood sugar levels. Some of the common complications of diabetes include:Cardiovascular disease,Kidney damage,Eye damage,Nerve damage,Foot problems,Skin conditions,Dental problems etc.
- Genetics: Type 1 diabetes is believed to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, while type 2 diabetes is strongly influenced by family history and genetics.
- Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, as excess body fat can cause insulin resistance and impaired glucose tolerance.
- Sedentary lifestyle: Lack of physical activity can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, as exercise helps the body use insulin more effectively.
- Poor diet: A diet high in refined carbohydrates, sugary beverages, and saturated and trans fats can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Age: The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age, as older adults are more likely to be overweight, sedentary, and have other health conditions.
- Gestational diabetes: Women who develop diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes) have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.